NEVERLAND

वायुपङ्खी विमानमा पुगे एक कल्पित दुनियाँमा

तराशिन्छ जहा आत्मा नाकि शरीरको बुनियादमा।

पाए मैले प्रेमको असल परिभाषा जहा

के हुन्न है यसको कुनै रुप, ढङ्ग र शरीर त्यहाँ।

 

क्या अमन र चैन देखे त्यो दुर्लभ संसारमा

के तौलिन्छ जहा मानवीय आचरणको आधारमा।

पाए मैले समानताको असल मिसाल जहा

के थिएन जात,लिङ्ग, हैसियत आदिको बबाल त्याहा।

 

क्या अग्रिमता र नवीनता देखे त्यो कुशल सर्गमा

कदापि बल्झिन्न जहा कोई रूढिवादी तर्कमा।

जहा पाए मैले धर्म र कर्मको वास्तविक मेल

के थिएन कतै मानुष गठित धर्म र ग्रन्थको भेल।

 

पन्छी सरह उडे र रमे त्यो तिलस्मी लोकमा

अर्पिन्छ जहा नैसर्गिक अधिकार पूर्ण थोकमा।

जहा पाए मैले “बाँच र बाँच्न देउ” को सही अर्थ

के थिएन कसैमा निचा र पीडा दिने सामर्थ्य।


क्या स्नेह र मेलमिलाप भेटे त्यो ख्याली जहानमा

के देखिन्न जहा खटपट ईश्वरका सन्तानमा।

जहा पाए मैले “विकृतिः एवम्‌ प्रकृतिः

को प्रबल दृष्टान्त के थिएन कतै प्राकृतिक र नैतिकताको विवादित वृत्तान्त।

Industry 4.0

Collaborating with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, and Supplies, SOMES (Society of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Students) conducted a program on “Industry 4.0” on Pulchowk Campus on Friday. With the Deputy HoD of Thapathali Campus, Sushant Raj Giri as the main speaker, the program focused on educating students on the Fourth industrial revolution; its effects, and opportunities in Nepal. JB Consultancy provided the required expertise and funding for the event. 

After three prior industrial revolutions each in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries respectively, the arrival of the 21st gave rise to a fourth one. Industry 4.0 focuses on evolving automated machines into autonomous ones, the difference being that autonomous machines are self-learning and utterly independent of humans. In contrast, automated ones need humans to set them up. The major components of Industry 4.0 are AI, machine learning, smart sensors, cloud computing, and IoT(Internet of Things). With remote surveillance through cloud computing, assessing the market needs through deep learning algorithms, and fault prognosis of machine components through health monitoring sensors, Industry 4.0 promises a higher production rate, better efficiency, and product optimization. 

Most of Nepal’s educated and skilled manpower in the industry sector either stagnate through long unemployment periods, settle for a job unrelated to their core competency or flee abroad in search of a better opportunity. Industry 4.0 can help to fill the gap between the availability and demand of such skilled manpower. 

The Ministry of Industry, Commerce, and Supplies aims to implement Industry 4.0 in Nepal’s agricultural sector first. To boost production rates and cut off the middlemen who cause price hikes, by directly connecting farmers and consumers, Industry 4.0 can help build an optimized Nepali agriculture market. 

The rise of autonomy has started to sprout in Nepal and its industries, among which Hongshi Cement seems to have a better understanding and application of the concept in comparison to its fellow Nepali counterparts. To compete with the global market production and product optimization trend and to have its citizens working in state-of-the-art technology industries, Nepal needs to comprehend, incorporate and implement “Industry 4.0” within its industries.

इन्डस्ट्री ४.०

 

नविन उपकरण र प्रविधिको विकासले जब विश्वको अर्थतन्त्रलाई छुट्टै मार्गमा परिचालन गर्दै त्यसको बृहत् अभिवृद्धि गराउछ, त्यो फड्कोलाई औधोगिक क्रान्तिको संज्ञा दिईन्छ। जेम्स वाटको वाष्प ईन्जीनको आविस्कार र विश्वव्यापी प्रयोगले १८औ शताब्दीमा मानवश्रमलाई यन्त्रीकरण गरेसंगै पहिलो औद्योगिक क्रान्तिको आरम्भ भयो । विधुतीय  उर्जा र त्यसबाट संचालित ठुलो-उत्पादनका यन्त्रहरुले १९औ शताब्दीमा दोस्रो औद्योगिक क्रान्ति ल्याए । कम्प्युटर र इलेक्ट्रोनिक्सको विकासले जन्माएको स्वचालित यन्त्रका मद्दतले तेस्रो औद्योगिक क्रान्ति विस्तारित भयो । यी तीन  क्रान्ति पश्चात, यन्त्रहरुको स्वायत्त सिकाई (मसिन लर्निङ्ग), कृत्रिम विवेक (आर्टीफिसिअल इन्टेलिजेन्स) र क्लाउड कोम्पुटिंगले २१औ शताब्दीमा सुरुवात गरेको चौथो औद्योगिक क्रान्ति हो – “ इन्डस्ट्री ४.० “

जर्मन सरकारले सन् २०११ तयको आद्योगिक क्षेत्रलाई डिजिटल प्रविधिले आधुनिकरण गरेर उत्पादकत्व को अभिवृद्धि गर्ने प्रयासलाई दिएको नाम हो “ इन्डस्ट्री ४.० ” । इन्डस्ट्री ४.० अन्तर्गत बिग डाटा, डाटा म्यानेजमेन्ट, स्मार्ट सेन्सर, क्लाउड कोम्पुटिंग, I.o.T(इन्टरनेट अफ थिन्ग्स), आर्टीफिसिअल इन्टेलिजेन्स र मसिन लर्निङ्ग पर्दछन ।

कारखानाका जटिल कामहरुलाई इन्डस्ट्री ४.० ले सहजीकरण मात्र गर्दैन, उत्पादन प्रक्रियालाई अप्टिमाइज गरेर उत्पादकत्वको वृद्धि पनि गराउछ। उदाहरणका लागि मेसिन लर्निङ्गको प्रयोगवाट बजारको मागको पूर्वानुमान गरेर सोही अनुसारको उत्पादन गर्न सकिन्छ । डाटा सेन्सरहरुका मद्दतले कारखानाका उपकरणमा आउन सक्ने खराबी र कमजोरीहरुको पूर्वानुमान गरि ठुलो हानीहरुबाट बचाउन सकिन्छ । सम्पूर्ण उत्पादन प्रक्रियालाई इन्टरनेट र क्लाउड कोम्पुटिंगद्वारा घरमै बसेर निरिक्षण गर्न मिल्छ । उत्पादन देखि लिएर वितरण, सप्लाई चेन तथा ग्राहकको प्रतिक्रिया र माग बुझ्न समेत  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० ले मद्दत पुर्याउछ । 

नेपालको सन्दर्भमा इन्डस्ट्री ४.० एक नया पदावली भएर आउदा र धेरै नेपालीहरु एस बिसयमा अविज्ञ भएपनि, यसले नेपालीहरुलाई असर परेको छैन भने भन्न मिल्दैन।  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० का एयाप्लिकेसन हामीले हरेक दिन अनुभव गर्दछौ । हामीले गूगलमा केहि कुरा सर्च गर्यौ भने एक घण्टापछि हामीलाई युटूब र इन्स्ताग्रामले तेसैको एड देखाउछ । यो प्रविधि पनि  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० अन्तर्गत पर्दछ । हामीले चालाउने स्मार्टफोन र स्मार्टवाच सबै  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० का उपकरणहरु हुन् । 

नेपालका उद्योगलाई  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० संग जोड्नका लागि नेपाल सरकार, उद्योग, वाणिज्य तथा आपूर्ति मन्त्रालयले एस बिसयका बिज्ञ र उद्योगका व्येक्तित्वहरु संग छलफलहरु थालेको छ ।  उद्योग, वाणिज्य तथा आपूर्ति मन्त्रालयको पहल र JB कन्सल्टेन्सी को परामर्शमा इन्डस्ट्री ४.० अन्तरगत अहिलेसम्म तिन कार्यक्रमहरु आयोजना गरिएको छ । नेपालका शिक्षित जनशक्ति विदेश पलायन हुने होड चर्किदै गर्दा, उद्योगमा इन्डस्ट्री ४.०को संलग्नताले उनीहरुलाई नेपालमै विदेसीस्तरको  रोजगारी प्रदान गर्न सक्छ। हालको समयमा मन्त्रालयको रुचि रहेको कृषि क्षेत्रमा  इन्डस्ट्री ४.० ले उत्पादन वृद्धि त गर्छ नै, साथै कृषक र बिक्रेता बिचको सम्पर्कदाता बनिदिएर बिचौलियाहरुलाई हटाउन पनि मद्दत गर्छ । 

अटोमेसनबाट अटोनोमीतिर लम्किरहेको विश्वमा नेपालले आफु र आफ्ना जनतालाई अग्रसर पार्नका लागि उद्योग, कृषि, शिक्षा तथा नीतिगत क्षेत्रमा इन्डस्ट्री ४.० लाई बुझेर आत्मसात् गर्न अत्यन्त जरुरी छ।

National Mechanical Engineering Seminar 2020

11th of Magh, 2076

‘National Mechanical Engineering Seminar 2020’ was held at National Academy for Science and Technology. The program was conducted as a pre-event to upcoming 11th National Mechanical Engineering Seminar ‘MechTRIX 2020’. Co-ordinated by Pankaj Mehta side by side with Dipesh Kunwar and Rupesh Dahal, the main motto of this seminar was to provide insights on different topics to young engineering minds. Campus chief, Mr.Laxman Poudel, as a chief guest and SOMES president, Mr. Nabin Raj Chaulagain, as the chairperson, the event was successfully conducted with the active participation of 75+ enthusiastic participants.

Welcoming the chairperson, chief guest, speakers and all the participants, the host for the Sandesh Parajuli, officially started the program. Our first speaker, Dr. Suresh Kumar Dhungel (Senior Technologist and spokesperson at NAST) was very excited to present engineering students about Nano-Technology. Pointing out “Waste isn’t ‘a waste’ until it’s wasted”,Mr. Nabin Bikash Maharjan(CEO, Blue Waste to Value Pvt. Ltd) gave us insight on his company’s projects on waste management through modern technology.

Matching the theme of upcoming exhibition ‘MechTRIX 2020’, For a Better Tomorrow, the foreign speaker, Mr.Joshua Menkie, and his topic of presentation ‘Future Energy System ‘ made the event more profound. Very energetic speaker, Mr. Utsav Prasad Sharma, perfectly explained about safely, hazards and environmental health related to aircrafts. Breaking the monotonous note of only speaking and listening, a Q/A session was held at the end of every speaker. Asking of questions and clearing of doubts made the seminar more interactive and fruitful.

Co-ordinators, speaker, participants, and volunteers along with active support from SOMES members played important role in successful commencement of the event. The first major pre-event also provided us a platform to welcome everyone to MechTRIX 2020. So, book your dates on Magh 24, 25 and 26 and witness the thrill and excitement of MechTRIX 2020. ‘Along with #VisitNepal2020, its #VisitMechTRIX2020.

Event Coverage by Helina Khanal

The Future is Electric

With the introduction of the 21st century, humans have started becoming more environment centric than ever and with it now the car makers, both legendary and the new ones are now in a race to electrify the automotive industry.

“One in Six Cars in the World will be electric by 2025.”, a survey by UBS Global Autos reports.

Introduction

Electric Vehicles or simply EVs are simply vehicles with one or more electric motor that is used for propulsion. With the advancements in battery technology from countries such as China and Japan, EV’s can now challenge vehicles with internal combustion engines in terms of range as well as performance, such that EV’s have now resurged from long absence and have started taking the market. The EV’s are categorized into a lot of types which includes hybrid cars which combines a combustion engine with an electric motor and battery to reduce fuel consumption and carbon footprints, plug-in hybrids that can be charged for short range travel in battery power alone and the combustion engine kicks in when battery reaches end of range or on driver’s demand, battery electric cars that runs completely on batteries producing zero emissions. Also, as an alternative, tests have already begun for fuel cell vehicles which uses hydrogen gas to power an electric motor which virtually has no emissions if hydrogen comes from renewable sources. And also for the terrains like that of our country, plug-in hybrids are the suitable ones as charge stations are distant and battery power alone is not reliable enough.

The Future is Electric (and Clean)

Electric vehicles will one day push fuel powered ones out of the automotive business map -but how soon? Sooner than we might think, according to reports from the International Monetary Fund, by 2040 more than 90% of all passenger vehicles in the U.S., Canada, Europe and other rich countries could be electric. Along with a rush of recent commitments to electric vehicles by governments and car companies, the study offers hope about the prospects for ceasing the transportation sector off carbon. Of more than one billion registered vehicles on the road today, only two million are electric (with one million of those in China alone). But if EV’s catch on as fast as the researchers project, it could reduce oil use by 3.34 billion liters a day and cut CO2 emissions 3.2 billion tons a year.

Established car manufacturers like BMW and Daimler AG are spending billions in a race to gain market share in electric-car market, hoping their existing scale will help them leapfrog newer companies like Tesla that focus exclusively on electric vehicles. A policy in China makes electric-vehicle sales and production compulsory in coming future. According to analysts, by the middle of the next decade, global sales of electric vehicles should hit 16.5 million, a 16% increase from the previous estimate. They predict electric vehicles will make up 16% of all car sales by then, up from a previous estimate of 14%. “The shift to electric cars will come faster and in a more pronounced way, fueled by the diesel demise in Europe, battery technology advancements and regulation in China and Europe,” Patrick Hummel, the leading analyst said. Below are some of the electrified models that are making global impacts or are set to revolutionize the car industry.

Nissan Leaf, a compact five-door hatchback electric car manufactured by Nissan which was introduced in Japan in December 2010 is the bestselling electric production car in the world. Powered by a 30 kWh battery, with a 147hp motor and a class toping range is 172 km on a full battery charge, Leaf battery packs can be charged from fully discharged to 80% capacity in about 30 minutes using fast charging. More than 300,000 units have been sold worldwide till January 2018.

The BMW i8 is the ultimate evolution of plug-in hybrid technology, with an environmental conscience and a carbon fiber body promising sports car like performance. Having 2 electric motors and a 3-cylinder petrol engine producing a combined 357hp and a low weight carbon fiber body of 1567kgs, this car can give the world’s best sports car series, the Porsche 911 and BMW’s own M4 run for their money. That’s why more than 10000 units of this car have been sold despite having a high price tag of $150,000.

Tesla Roadster, a production ready supercar concept recently launched by the revolutionary Elon Musk have claimed the title of the world’s quickest car with an acceleration of 0-100kmph in just 1.9seconds. Having a range of almost 1000km per single charge, this supercar has a top speed of 400kmph, even Bugatti Chiron or Koenigsegg Agera RS  cannot defeat this roadster priced at just $250,000 that’s 10 almost 10 times less than the above mentioned hypercars. Even the hypercars have adopted the electric technology, then why can’t we!! 

-Siddhartha Shakya

Bird Strike Events and Incidents

Bird strikes are accidents occurring mostly in civil aircrafts that can lead to fatality and/or destruction of an aircraft as a result of collision with birds. The first known bird strike was recorded to be September 7, 1908 when Orville Wright was flying in Dayton, Ohio and was chasing birds. The first fatal accident was recorded in 1912 in at Long Beach, California, which killed Cal Rogers, the first person to fly across the USA. Although birds are small creatures as compared to large aircrafts, the accidents caused by bird strikes should be taken very seriously. This is because the bird strikes cause direct damage to wing structure and propeller.

But the majority of bird strikes (around 65%) cause little damage to the aircraft. From 1912 to 1995, bird strikes have caused 30 fatal accidents, the destruction of more than 52 civil aircrafts and 190 deaths. In the recent years, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) reports 65,139 bird strikes from 2011 to 2014. The Kathmandu Valley is the home of more than 500 varieties of birds. In addition, the Tribhuvan International Airport is at the center of the valley. The valley also has problems with solid waste management and dumping sites. The earthworms that dwell below the ground and die on the runway also attract a large number of birds to the airport. Also, the smell of food from nearby restaurants contributes to the large number of bird strikes in Kathmandu. There are also grains lying around Pashupati which is quite near the airport. Hence, there are many causes of bird strikes in Kathmandu in particular and the concerned authority should take concrete steps to reduce these risks.

-Purak Adhikari